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Industry Glossary
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Industry Glossaries:
 
Industrial Metals
                 
 Alumina
Category
 

 

Industrial Metals
 Annealing
Category
 

The process of heating then cooling metal to improve its formability and to make its surface more durable.

 

Industrial Metals
 Bauxite
Category
 

An ore from which alumina and aluminum is eventuially smelted. Bauxite usually contains at tleast 45% alumina. Approximately four pounds of bauxite are required to produce a pound of aluminum.

 

Industrial Metals
 Blast Furnance
Category
 

A cylindrically shaped furnance lined wih refractory bricks which is used by integrated steel mills to smelt iron from iron ore.

 

Industrial Metals
 Carbon Steel
Category
 

Steel without substantial amounts of other alloying elements. Carbon steel's properties are dependent uponits carbon content.

 

Industrial Metals
 Cold Rolling
Category
 

The proccess of rolling steel without first reheating. Cold rolling makes steel easier to machine by reducing the metal's thickness and giving it a smooth surface.

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Industrial Metals
 Fabrication
Category
 

Theprocess of transforming a metal into a finished state by machining , forming or joining.

 

Industrial Metals
 Flat Roll Steel
Category
 

Plate, strip, or sheet products made by passing metal througfh pairs of rollers with flat surfaces. Common flat roll products include sheet, strip, plate, black plate, and tin plate.

 

Industrial Metals
 Galvanized Steel
Category
 

Carbon steelthat has been coated with zinc to increase its resistance to corrision.

 

Industrial Metals
 Hot Rolling
Category
 

A processin which steel slabs are reduced in thickness.

 

Industrial Metals
 Ingot
Category
 

A large metal shape formed when molten steel or aluminum is poured int oan ingot mold to solidify. The metal is later reheated and rolled into a semifinished shape suc has a billet , bloom, or slab.

 

Industrial Metals
 Iron Ore
Category
 

A mineral containing enough iron to be a commercially viable source of the element for use as steelmaking.

 

Industrial Metals
 Long Products
Category
 

Structural or shaped products such as beams , bars, and billets , that are formed by passing the metal through rollers with grooved or cut faces.

 

Industrial Metals
 Metric Tons
Category
 

A unit of mass equal to 2,204.6 pounds.

 

Industrial Metals
 Mill Products
Category
 

Steel or aluminum that has been fabricated into an intermediate form before being made into a finished product .

 

Industrial Metals
 Pickling
Category
 

The process of using acid to remove undesirable scale that can form on metal surface during hot rolling and annealing.

 

Industrial Metals
 Pig Iron
Category
 

The tem used for the melted iron produced in a blast furnance.

 

Industrial Metals
 Slab
Category
 

A semifinished aluminum or steel product that is later rolled or processed into a finished product.

 

Industrial Metals
 Smelting
Category
 

A process where ore is melted in order to extract or refine the metal it contains.

 

Industrial Metals
 Stainless Steel
Category
 

Grades of steel containing more than 10% chromium, which are combined with other alloys to resist corrosion.

 

Industrial Metals
 London Metal Exchange
Category
 

An international trading body that facilitates the open market sale and purchase of metals worldwide.

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Industrial Metals