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Industry Glossary
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Industry Glossaries:
 
Semiconductor
                 
 Adapter Card
Category
 

 

Semiconductor
 Printed Circuit Board
Category
 

A board with microprocessors, transistors, and other electronic components used in an electronic device such as a computer or cellular phone.

 

Semiconductor
 Fabless
Category
 

A semiconductor company with no wafer fabrication capability or facility.

 

Semiconductor
 Flash Memory
Category
 

A memory module that permits erase/write cycles. Flash memory is used when there is a large amount of non-volatile program memory.

 

Semiconductor
 Foundry
Category
 

A wafer production and processing plant. This is usually a facility that is available on a contract basis to companies that do not have wafer fab capability of their own.

 

Semiconductor
 Microcontroller
Category
 

A microcontroller is a stand-alone device that performs computer functions within an electronic system without the need of other support circuits. A microcontroller contains memory functions, unlike microprocessor, which is typically paired with a chip that provides memory. Microcontrollers are generally used in televisions, DVDs, microwave ovens, and automobile engines.

 

Semiconductor
 Micron
Category
 

A metric unit linear measure which equals one millionth of a meter.

 

Semiconductor
 DRAM
Category
 

A memory component which must be recharge periodically as information is stored in the memory cells and accessed randomly. Computers use DRAM chips for memory.

 

Semiconductor
 DSP
Category
 

Digital Signal Processing (DSP) chips are used to store images, sound, radar pulses, and other signals by transforming wave forms. These chips are used in cellular phone devices.

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Semiconductor
 Fab
Category
 

The fabrication facility (manufacturing plant) where semiconductors are produced and completed.

 

Semiconductor
 Microprocessor
Category
 

A central processing unit (CPU) on one or more chips containing basic arithmetic, logic, and control elements required by a computer for processing data.

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Semiconductor
 Microperipheral
Category
 

A device that works with a microcontroller or microprocessor. Microperipherals are used in modems, Ethernet, printers, computer mice, and keyboards.

 

Semiconductor
 EPROM
Category
 

Eraseable Programmable Read Only Memory

 

Semiconductor
 DSL
Category
 

Digital Subscriber line technology that increases the digital speed of ordinary phone lines by a substantial factor over common dial up modems.

 

Semiconductor
 Circuit Board
Category
 

See printed circuit board

 

Semiconductor
 Broadband
Category
 

Specifies 56 KBPS and 1.5 Mbps capability of data transfer rates. A bandwidth greater than four kilohertz which is the minimum for transmitting voice communications which can allow transmission of numerous voice, video, and data channels simultaneously.

 

Semiconductor
 Binary
Category
 

The binary number system uses only ones and zeros.

 

Semiconductor
 Bit
Category
 

The basic unit of all digital communications. A bit is a 1 or 0 in binary language

 

Semiconductor
 Byte
Category
 

A data unit of eight bits.

 

Semiconductor
 ASIC
Category
 

Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) are special semiconductor chips that are designed to a specific manufacturers request.

 

Semiconductor